Nora Femenia’s work on the Falklands-Malvinas conflict

Esta era la pagina de inicio del Falklands-Malvinas Forum inicial, 1996.




The mission of the FALKLANDS-MALVINAS FORUM is to improve communications between Argentina, the Falkland Islands and the United Kingdom, by facilitating the discussion of important issues that will shape their common future into the next century.

After the 1982 Falklands/Malvinas War, the previous and very cooperative relationship between Argentina and the United Kingdom was disrupted. It took several years to restablish diplomatic relationships, and even more time to institutionalize the diplomatic arrangement known as the “sovereignty umbrella,” that allows development of joint ventures without even discussing the problem of the Islands’ sovereignty. All along this process, a three-party dialogue including the Falkland Islanders as full participants has been missing. The Falklands-Malvinas Forum creates a neutral space for the various interested parties to express their views. Information is posted here in the document original language, under each respective heading. Information, comments, suggestions and inquiries are welcome.






Interactive Conflict Resolution Conference, organized by Chris Mitchell, from G. Mason University, (second from right), Tony Blake, Terry Betts, Nora. See Escude (second from left).

Terry Betts and Tony Blake, in a New York meeting. Meeting was organized by Zone of Peace, an organization dedicated to declare int’l areas of no-conflict. Proposal never took off.


Terry Betts, at left, Nora, unknown gentleman and, at right Tony Blake.
Meeting was organized by Zone of Peace, an organization dedicated to declare int’l areas of no-conflict. Proposal never took off.

At the Falklands Forum, London 2007, Sukey Cameron, Terry Betts and Tony Blake.

Falklands Forum, London 2007, with Tony Blake




Nora Femenia, Ph.D.

Center for Labor Studies & Research,

Florida International University,

University Park, LC 305 Miami, FL 33199;


Dr Nora Femenia has a dual career in Clinical Psychology and Conflict Resolution. Her first degree is from Catholic University of Cordoba, Argentina, and her Masters in Social Sciences is from FLACSO Buenos Aires. She worked as a clinical family therapist for many years, in diverse settings as The Hospital Interdisciplinario Psicoasistencial José Tiburcio Borda, and private practice.

She completed her Ph.D. at Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University, with a thesis on the Falklands-Malvinas War scripts. Her dissertation was published under the title: “National Identity in Times of Crises: The Scripts of the Falklands-Malvinas War,” (New York: Nova Science Publisher) supported by a Peace Scholarship from the United States Institute of Peace, in Washington, DC.

Her work on the aftermath of the Falklands-Malvinas conflict has included presentations at different institutions such as: International Studies Association Annual Conference (US);  International Society of Political Psychology Annual Meeting,  (Boston, Mass); the National Foreign Affairs Training Center, (Arlington, VA, US); the  “Falkland Islands Forum: Opportunities for the Future,” (London, UK), the Latin American Study Program, SAIS, Johns Hopkins University, (Washington, DC); the Conference on the 10th Anniversary of the Falklands/Malvinas War,  at George Mason University  (Fairfax, VA); the “Centro Argentino de  Relaciones Internacionales” (CARI), (Buenos Aires, Argentina); and the Foreign Service Institute, (Buenos Aires, Argentina),

Nora has numerous presentations, radio interviews, and articles published on “Buenos Aires Herald,” (Buenos Aires, Argentina); “Clarín,” (Buenos Aires, Argentina); the “Penguin News,” (Stanley, Falkland Islands); the BBC from Glasgow, Scotland, on “The Falkland Islands future,” with Mr. Andrew Graham Yoll, and different academic talks.

The Future of the Falkland Islands and Its People/Comments On Lyubo Ivanov Falklands Proposal, received a long comment by Nora Femenia:

Besides her book, Nora published, among others, two popular papers on the Falklands conflict named: “Brinksmanship Decision-Making and Hidden Grief: The Case of Argentina, 1982,” and: “Emotional Actor: Foreign Policy Decision-Making in the 1982 Falklands-Malvinas War,” published in: Social Conflicts and Collective Identities, by Coy, Patrick G., and  Woehrle, Lynne M. (Eds.)

Nora trained mediators throughout Latin America and Europe, for institutions like  Academia Judicial  Puertorriqueña, San Juan de Puerto Rico; Centro de Resolución de Conflictos de la Cámara de Comercio de Bogotá; Cámara de Comercio Americana-Nicaragüense, Managua, Nicaragua; Universidad de Cantabria, Santander, Spain; Centro de Negociación Empresarial y Mediación de Castilla y León, Burgos, Spain; Tribunal Arbitral Laboral, Valencia, Spain; Universidad Javeriana, Cali, Colombia; Universidad Santa María de Valparaíso, Chile; Universidad del Norte, in Barranquilla, Colombia.

Her work in the development field included participation in the projects for change and transformation of justice systems in several Latin-American countries, (Argentina, Peru, Paraguay, Costa Rica, Colombia), usually designing the mediation component and training the first mediators. She has also trained arbitrators for several Chambers of Commerce (Guatemala, Nicaragua, Argentina) in cooperation with USAID.

As a Conflict Resolution Professor, Nora has held visiting positions at SAIS and teaching positions at American University, DC, (1993-1995); Nova Southeastern University, FL, (1996-2000); the School for International Training in VT,  (2002-2005); and at Florida International University, FL,  (2005-2018),  Center for Labor Research and Studies.

Her list of courses taught include: International Conflict Resolution, Peacemaking Approaches for International Crises, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Conflict, Assessment and Evaluation of Peacemaking Operations, Negotiation Skills, Post-Conflict Forgiveness and Reconciliation, Inter-Cultural Communication, Doing Peacework in War Zones. Also, Intro to Conflict Resolution, Conflict Analysis, Paradigms of Peacemaking, Conflict Resolution and Consensus Building, Mediation Techniques, and Family Mediation.

Trained as Public Arbitrator for the National Association of Security Disputes, (now Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, FINRA) in Florida, intervening as panel member and chairperson, since 1999. Certified family mediator, by the state of Florida courts, to offer mediation services in two languages.

Nora created the Forum, to promote dialogue between the three sides of the conflict. Pictures can be seen at : Now this forum has been closed to postings because of heavy spam attacks. She keeps now a Facebook Falklands-Malvinas page at:

Nora is also the founder of, a website dedicated to the promotion of ADR methods in Spanish language since 1996. From here, she offered the basic 40 hour mediation training to lawyers of several Latin-American countries, in partnership with local universities as NSU and FIU in Florida.


Academic Appointment History:


2001-2019 Associate Professor, Center for Labor Studies and Research, FIU, Miami, FL.,   teaching courses: Conflict Resolution and Consensus Building; Intro to Mediation, and Family Mediation at the Graduate Professional Certificate in Conflict Resolution.


2002-2005   Associate Professor, Master’s Program on Conflict Transformation, at the   School for International Training, World Learning, Brattleboro, Vermont. At charge of teaching courses on Peacemaking Approaches for International crises, Post-Conflict Reconstruction and Conflict, Assessment and Evaluation of Peacemaking Operations, Forgiveness and Reconciliation, Inter-Cultural Communication, Doing Peace work in War Zones, and the basic Conflict Analysis Course.


1996-99  Assistant Professor, Department of Dispute Resolution, School of Social and Systemic Studies, Nova Southeastern University, Florida, teaching Intro to Conflict resolution, Cross-Cultural Communication in Conflict, Negotiation Skills, and International Conflict Resolution.


1991-1993  Visiting Scholar, Latin American Study Program, SAIS, Johns Hopkins University, Washington, DC.


Fall, 1992 Adjunct Professor, American University, School of International Services, Washington, DC.; teaching Cross-Cultural Communication, and Paradigms of Peacemaking courses.


Nora Femenia’s work Concerning the Post Falklands-Malvinas War Peace Process:


2007 Panel: Soluciones Consensuadas para el conflicto del Atlántico Sur, Partido Federal, Buenos Aires, Julio 15;  Video here:

1998/99  Taught a Graduate Course, at Nova Southeastern University, School of Social and Systemic Studies: “International Conflict Resolution,” at:

1994   “The Seduction of the Islanders,” article published on “Buenos Aires Herald,”, Buenos Aires.

1994   “The future of the Falklands/Malvinas Conflict,” Presentation to the Argentine Embassy to the United States of America personnel, (including military attaches), in Washington DC, by invitation of Mr. Ambassador, Dr.  Granillo Ocampo.

1993 A two-pages interview by Mr. Daniel Ulanovsky, on April 4, 1993, was published in the Sunday edition of Clarin newspaper,  Buenos Aires, with the title: “A veces nos olvidamos que las Malvinas estan habitadas.” (“We usually forget that the Malvinas are inhabited.”). As a follow-up of this publication, in the week following April 4-11, 1993 several radio interviews were solicited from Buenos Aires radio stations (Radio Rivadavia and Radio Mitre) to Nora Femenia in Washington, DC.

1993   By invitation of Dr. Guido Di Tella, Foreign Minister of Argentina, a Seminar titled “Argentina and the Falklanders: bridges for a successful communication,” was organized on October 7 and 8,  Designed to provide both theory on peaceful conflict-resolution methods and information about the Falkland Islanders’ interests and needs, it was offered to the students of the Argentine National Foreign Service Institute. Along the second day of the Seminar, a simulation exercise of a negotiation process between an “Argentine delegation” and a “Falkland’s delegation,” fulfilled the purpose to provide students, for the first time, with insights about Islanders’ mindset and wide perspectives in the main issues for the Islands: political status and self-determination; fisheries and oil resources; and ecological preservation.

1993 Ph. D., Syracuse University, Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Program on the Analysis and Resolution of Conflicts. Dissertation title: “National Self-image, Enemy-Image and Conflict Strategies in the Falklands/Malvinas War.”

1992 “Argentina, United Kingdom and the Possibility of Post Falklands War Reconciliation.” George Mason University Conference on the 10th Anniversary of the Falklands/Malvinas War, Fairfax, VA.

1991   “Social Construction of Enemy-Images in International Crises.” National  Conference on Peacemaking and Conflict Resolution, Charlotte, NC

1990   Article “Grief and Political Repression in Argentina,” published in Mind and Human Interaction, University of Virginia, Vol 1 No. 4, April 1990.


National Identity in times of crises: the scripts of the Falklands-Malvinas War

Gracias a Google books, una copia de mi libro:
“National Identity in times of crises: the scripts of the Falklands-Malvinas War” (New York: Nova Science Publisher, 1996)
se ha hecho accesible sin pago…
Este es el link para leer el Capitulo 3: “Recovery of the Malvinas and National Identity in Argentina“:
Entrevista publicada en el diario Clarin, edicion dominical, paginas centrales, Buenos Aires Abril 4 de 1993
El periodista Daniel Ulanoski se nego a usar Falklands y puso Malvinas, para lograr que esta entrevista fuera aprobada para su publicacion.